文章来源:未知 文章作者:meng 发布时间:2009-10-20 02:01 字体: [ ]  进入论坛

Agreeing a new global climate treaty looks more "do-able" after London talks between the big-emitting nations, UK Climate Secretary Ed Miliband has said.

英国气候变化部大臣Ed Miliband称,废气排放大国之间的伦敦谈话之后,达成一项全球气候协议看起来“更加可行”。

The Maldives cabinet recently held an underwater meeting
The Maldives cabinet recently held an underwater meeting

Talks between 17 countries producing about 80% of global emissions1(散发,传出物) ended with a call for more funds to help poor nations adapt to climate change.

The US president may attend December's UN summit if enough progress has been made by then, said US envoy2 Todd Stern.

Mr Miliband said he would be going "all out" for an agreement in Copenhagen.

Earlier in the day, UK Prime Minister Gordon Brown warned that "catastrophe3" lay ahead if climate change were not tackled.

The two days of talks under the auspices4 of(由……主办) the Major Economies Forum5 (MEF) were not designed to bring new pledges, but to facilitate(帮助,促进) dialogue in a less pressured environment than the formal UN negotiations6.

Leadership question

"It's an uphill(上坡的,向上的) battle, but I just feel today it's more do-able than (I did) yesterday," Mr Miliband told journalists in a briefing directly after the MEF meeting closed on Monday evening in London.

"There was a universal view that we need to get an agreement in Copenhagen - not an agreement at any price, but that we've come a long way and we intend to translate that into an agreement by the end of the year."

In recent weeks, there have signs that a deal might be impossible to secure in December, with important details potentially being left for discussion next year.

But Mr Miliband said he was "going all out" for agreement at Copenhagen, and there was no "Plan B".

He also declared that "leaders need to be involved".

Ministers and negotiators cannot do the job alone, he said.

Many observers believe that Barack Obama is the leader whose presence would do most to hasten a deal, but Mr Stern, the US administration's chief negotiator, said the president's attendance was not decided7.

"We are not writing anything off or foreclosing(排除) possibilities," Mr Stern said.

"If the kind of progress is made that would warrant(保证,辩护) the attendance of leaders, we'll certainly look at that."

Environment groups urged leaders including Mr Obama to step up their level of personal commitment.

"The planet cannot afford the US administration downplaying the significance of the Copenhagen climate summit," said Martin Kaiser, climate policy adviser8 with Greenpeace International.

"President Obama and other world leaders need to go to Copenhagen and take personal responsibility for its success, in order to achieve an agreement to avert9 catastrophic(悲惨的,灾难的) climate change."

Mr Stern also told reporters that a new treaty could not be an extension of the Kyoto Protocol10, as many developing countries are demanding, if the US is to join up.

"We're not a party to the Kyoto Protocol and we're not going to be a party," he said.

Funding issue

The two days of talks at London's Lancaster House focused on providing finance to assist developing countries prepare for and adapt to impacts of climate change, and to protect forests.

Six developing countries, including some considered to be in particular need of financial assistance in adapting to climate impacts, such as Ethiopia and The Maldives, were invited to an MEF meeting for the first time.

The final communique makes it clear that discussions focused on mechanisms11 for raising, governing and disbursing12(支付) funds.

But there was also a clear commitment that richer countries would have to provide some money from the public purse, and that the scale of the funds on offer would need to be "scaled up".

The EU is due to finalise its proposals on financing adaptation shortly.

The MEF communique(公报) also asks the forthcoming G20 finance ministers' meeting in St Andrews, Scotland, to "advance these discussions".

The final week of formal preparatory negotiations within the UN process leading up to the Copenhagen summit begins in Barcelona in just under a fortnight.


1 emissions 1a87f8769eb755734e056efecb5e2da9     
排放物( emission的名词复数 ); 散发物(尤指气体)
  • Most scientists accept that climate change is linked to carbon emissions. 大多数科学家都相信气候变化与排放的含碳气体有关。
  • Dangerous emissions radiate from plutonium. 危险的辐射物从钚放散出来。
2 envoy xoLx7     
  • Their envoy showed no sign of responding to our proposals.他们的代表对我方的提议毫无回应的迹象。
  • The government has not yet appointed an envoy to the area.政府尚未向这一地区派过外交官。
3 catastrophe WXHzr     
  • I owe it to you that I survived the catastrophe.亏得你我才大难不死。
  • This is a catastrophe beyond human control.这是一场人类无法控制的灾难。
4 auspices do0yG     
  • The association is under the auspices of Word Bank.这个组织是在世界银行的赞助下办的。
  • The examination was held under the auspices of the government.这次考试是由政府主办的。
5 forum cilx0     
  • They're holding a forum on new ways of teaching history.他们正在举行历史教学讨论会。
  • The organisation would provide a forum where problems could be discussed.这个组织将提供一个可以讨论问题的平台。
6 negotiations af4b5f3e98e178dd3c4bac64b625ecd0     
协商( negotiation的名词复数 ); 谈判; 完成(难事); 通过
  • negotiations for a durable peace 为持久和平而进行的谈判
  • Negotiations have failed to establish any middle ground. 谈判未能达成任何妥协。
7 decided lvqzZd     
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.这使他们比对手具有明显的优势。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英国人和中国人打招呼的方式有很明显的区别。
8 adviser HznziU     
  • They employed me as an adviser.他们聘请我当顾问。
  • Our department has engaged a foreign teacher as phonetic adviser.我们系已经聘请了一位外籍老师作为语音顾问。
9 avert 7u4zj     
  • He managed to avert suspicion.他设法避嫌。
  • I would do what I could to avert it.我会尽力去避免发生这种情况。
10 protocol nRQxG     
  • We must observe the correct protocol.我们必须遵守应有的礼仪。
  • The statesmen signed a protocol.那些政治家签了议定书。
11 mechanisms d0db71d70348ef1c49f05f59097917b8     
n.机械( mechanism的名词复数 );机械装置;[生物学] 机制;机械作用
  • The research will provide direct insight into molecular mechanisms. 这项研究将使人能够直接地了解分子的机理。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • He explained how the two mechanisms worked. 他解释这两台机械装置是如何工作的。 来自《简明英汉词典》
12 disbursing 634083d47647c12014e9d2c0e1f936bd     
v.支出,付出( disburse的现在分词 )
  • Couldn't he have surprised the thief in the disbursing office and been murdered? 也许是他惊动了财务支出室的小偷而被杀? 来自电影对白
  • I understand that the Lender approves a loan by disbursing it. 本人理解贷款银行通过放款的方式批准贷款。 来自互联网