有组织的犯罪导致象牙走私增长
文章来源:未知 文章作者:meng 发布时间:2009-11-12 05:43 字体: [ ]  进入论坛
(单词翻译:双击或拖选)

The last year has seen a major increase in the illegal ivory trade, with more involvement from organised crime.

去年象牙非法交易量显著增长,多数是有组织的犯罪。

The number of <a  target=seizures2 has gone up, and so has their average size" width="466" height="200" src="http://www.songlibaojie.com/upimg/091112/4_060057_1.jpg" />
The number of seizures has gone up, and so has their average size

 

Figures compiled(编译) by Traffic, the agency charged with monitoring the trade, show a doubling in the volume of illegal ivory seized from 2008 to 2009.

Researchers believe most of it is poached in West and Central Africa, while China is the main destination.

Traffic says there is no evidence that last year's one-off legal sale of ivory in southern Africa boosted smuggling3(走私).

The volume of ivory seized is not a complete indication of the size of the illegal trade, because the effectiveness of police and customs authorities can vary from year to year and only a fraction(分数,小部分) of illegal consignments5(交付,委托) are discovered.

Nevertheless, Traffic believes a significant increase lies behind the seizure1 figures, especially because the final numbers for 2009 could rise even higher.

"Our analysis cuts off in August, and our figures are already showing the increase," said the agency's director Steven Broad.

"So it's a serious concern. And the increase is based on a relatively6 small number of big seizures, which tend to indicate more organised operations behind the trade," he told BBC News.

A year ago, an operation by Interpol and Kenyan authorities netted a tonne of ivory in a single consignment4 - the biggest on record - and led to the arrest of 57 people in five African countries.

Reports indicate that prices of $1,000 per kilo can now be commanded.

China question

Traffic believes that poaching and exporting is currently concentrated in West Africa.

Nigeria emerges as a country implicated7 in many seizures made elsewhere, but whose authorities have not themselves made a single seizure in 18 years.

As sources of ivory, Traffic also picks out Cameroon and the Democratic Republic of Congo as countries of concern, while Thailand stands accused as a major trans-shipment point.

More than half of the consignments involving these countries are large ones, indicating the involvement of organised crime, Traffic says.

Tanzania emerges as a nation effective at controlling poaching in its own elephant herd8, but which gangs are increasingly using to export ivory.

Traffic concludes that most of the illegal ivory ends up in China, although Vietnam is developing as a market.



点击收听单词发音收听单词发音  

1 seizure FsSyO     
n.没收;占有;抵押
参考例句:
  • The seizure of contraband is made by customs.那些走私品是被海关没收的。
  • The courts ordered the seizure of all her property.法院下令查封她所有的财产。
2 seizures d68658a6ccfd246a0e750fdc12689d94     
n.起获( seizure的名词复数 );没收;充公;起获的赃物
参考例句:
  • Seizures of illicit drugs have increased by 30% this year. 今年违禁药品的扣押增长了30%。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Other causes of unconsciousness predisposing to aspiration lung abscess are convulsive seizures. 造成吸入性肺脓肿昏迷的其他原因,有惊厥发作。 来自辞典例句
3 smuggling xx8wQ     
n.走私
参考例句:
  • Some claimed that the docker's union fronted for the smuggling ring.某些人声称码头工人工会是走私集团的掩护所。
  • The evidence pointed to the existence of an international smuggling network.证据表明很可能有一个国际走私网络存在。
4 consignment 9aDyo     
n.寄售;发货;委托;交运货物
参考例句:
  • This last consignment of hosiery is quite up to standard.这批新到的针织品完全符合规格。
  • We have to ask you to dispatch the consignment immediately.我们得要求你立即发送该批货物。
5 consignments 9a63234ebc69137442849f91f971f17f     
n.托付货物( consignment的名词复数 );托卖货物;寄售;托运
参考例句:
  • Police have seized several consignments of pornography. 警方没收了好几批运来的色情物品。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • I want you to see for yourself how our consignments are cleared in London. 我要你亲自去看看我们的货物在伦敦是怎样结关的。 来自辞典例句
6 relatively bkqzS3     
adv.比较...地,相对地
参考例句:
  • The rabbit is a relatively recent introduction in Australia.兔子是相对较新引入澳大利亚的物种。
  • The operation was relatively painless.手术相对来说不痛。
7 implicated 8443a53107b44913ed0a3f12cadfa423     
adj.密切关联的;牵涉其中的
参考例句:
  • These groups are very strongly implicated in the violence. 这些组织与这起暴力事件有着极大的关联。 来自《简明英汉词典》
  • Having the stolen goods in his possession implicated him in the robbery. 因藏有赃物使他涉有偷盗的嫌疑。 来自《现代汉英综合大词典》
8 herd Pd8zb     
n.兽群,牧群;vt.使集中,把…赶在一起
参考例句:
  • She drove the herd of cattle through the wilderness.她赶着牛群穿过荒野。
  • He had no opinions of his own but simply follow the herd.他从无主见,只是人云亦云。
TAG标签: trade ivory crime smuggling
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